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Dental root tip surgery, also known as apex resection or apical surgery, is a common procedure performed by maxillofacial surgeons to save a tooth that has a problematic or infected root tip. 

Why is dental root tip surgery needed?

In some cases, the tip of a tooth's root can become infected or damaged due to decay or injury. This infection may spread to the surrounding bone and tissues, leading to pain and swelling of the gum. Dental root tip surgery is performed in conjunction with a root canal treatment by your dentist, and is recommended to remove the infected or damaged portion of the root tip, allowing your tooth to be preserved and function normally again.

How is the procedure performed?

Before the surgery, your maxillofacial surgeon will conduct a thorough examination, including X-rays, to identify the extent of the root tip issue. On the day of the procedure, local anesthesia will be administered to ensure your comfort during the surgery.

During the surgery, your surgeon will carefully access the root tip by making a small incision in the gum. The infected or damaged portion of the root tip will be precisely removed. In some cases, a small filling or sealant may be placed to prevent further infection. The gum is then sutured back into place, allowing for a smooth healing process.

What to expect after surgery?

Following the dental root tip surgery, you may experience some mild discomfort or swelling. Your surgeon will provide you with post-operative instructions to manage any discomfort and promote proper healing. It is essential to follow these guidelines diligently for the best results.

You may resume your normal daily activities after the surgery, but it's advisable to avoid putting excessive pressure on the treated tooth and maintain good oral hygiene. Attend follow-up appointments with your maxillofacial surgeon to monitor the healing progress and ensure that your tooth is healing properly. In most cases, dental root tip surgery is a successful and effective way to save a compromised tooth and alleviate pain. 

Some general instructions are provided below.

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